SEMEN ANALYSIS FOR INVESTIGATION OF INFERTILITY

Written by Tuesday, 15 August 2017 23:54
 Box 835.1 Contributions to semen volume   • Testes and epididymis: 10% • Seminal vesicles: 50% • Prostate: 40% • Cowper’s glands: Small volume Semen (or seminal fluid) is a…

SPERM FUNCTION TESTS OR FUNCTIONAL ASSAYS

Written by Tuesday, 15 August 2017 01:44
These tests are available only in specialized andrology laboratories. The tests are not standardized thus making interpretation difficult. If used singly, a sperm function test may not be helpful in…
ANTISPERM ANTIBODIES   The role of antisperm antibodies in causation of male infertility is controversial. The immunological tests done on seminal fluid include mixed antiglobulin reaction (MAR test) and immunobead…
The most important test in semen analysis for infertility is microscopic examination of the semen.   SPERM MOTILITY   The first laboratory assessment of sperm function in a wet preparation…
Biochemical markers (Table 831.1) can be measured in semen to test the secretions of accessory structures. These include fructose (seminal vesicles), zinc, citric acid or acid phosphatase (prostate), and α-glucosidase…
Examination is carried out after liquefaction of semen that occurs usually within 20-30 minutes of ejaculation.   1. VISUAL APPEARANCE   Normal semen is viscous and opaque gray-white in appearance.…
This includes examination of material obtained from vagina, stains from clothing, skin, hair, or other body parts for semen. This is carried out in cases of alleged rape or sexual…

TESTS FOR DETECTION OF BLOOD IN URINE

Written by Sunday, 13 August 2017 02:34
1. MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION OF URINARY SEDIMENT   Definition of microscopic hematuria is presence of 3 or more number of red blood cells per high power field on microscopic examination of…

CHEMICAL EXAMINATION OF URINE

Written by Thursday, 10 August 2017 23:29
The chemical examination is carried out for substances in urine are listed below:   Proteins Glucose Ketones Bilirubin Bile salts Urobilinogen Blood Hemoglobin Myoglobin Nitrite or leukocyte esterase   PROTEINS…

MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION OF URINE

Written by Thursday, 10 August 2017 00:57
Microscopic examination of urine is also called as the “liquid biopsy of the urinary tract”.   Urine consists of various microscopic, insoluble, solid elements in suspension. These elements are classified…
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