INTERESTING FACTS ON BOTANY

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Published in Botany
Tuesday, 27 June 2017 17:19
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National flower of Pakistan
Jasmine (Jasminum)

National flower of London
Rose

National fruit of Pakistan and India
Mango (Mangifera indica)

A plant with only 2 leaves
Welwitschai mirabilis (a gymnosperm)

Maiden Hair moss
Pogonatum

Maiden hair fern
Adiantum capillusveneris

Grasses of sea
Diatoms

Children of sea
Algae

Forest of sea
Sea weeds (keips)

Joker of plant kingdom
Mycoplasma (PPLO)

Jewels of plant kingdom
Desmids (algae)

A gift of old world to new world
Wheat (Tritium)

A gift of new world to old world
Maize (Zea Mays)

Oldest cultivated crop
Barley (Hordeum vulgare)

Kalpvriksha (Tree of heaven)
Coconut palm (Cocos nucifera)

First land inhabiting plants
Bryophytes

Red Sea
Due to blue green alga Trichondesmium erythreum

Most commonly seen fungi
Basidiomycetes

Drosophila of plant kingdom
Neurospora crassa (red/pink Bread mould)

Guinea pig of microbiology and weed of laboratories
Aspergillus niger-green mold

Resupination
Ovary rotates by 1800 in orchids

Major source of sugar in world
Beet roots

Phytotron
A device in which plants are grown in controlled conditions.

Tillandsw usneoids
Grows on telegraphic wires

Ermarki and Ranunculus lobatus
Plants recorded at higher altitude (21000 ft)

Smallest Angiosperm
Woiffia arrhiza inch long rootless.

Smallest flower
Woiffia microscopica (duck weed) 0. 1 mm

Smallest seed
Orchids (weighs 0.004 mg)

Smallest Gymnosperm
Zamina pygmea (25 cm tall)

Smallest acellular oganisms 
Mycoplasma galliseptium (0.3—0.5 μL)

Minimum number of chromosomes in Angiosperms and in an eukaryote
Haplopappus gracilis 2n = 4

Smallest Algae
Chalamydomonas (Green alga)

Largest Algae
Macrocvstis (Brown Alga — kelp) upto 60 mt.

Smallest fungi
Yeast

Largest fungi
Ganoderma (A wood fungus) 1 mt. Fomes (56 x 37’)

Smallest bryophyte
Zoopsis, Ephemerum (Pigmy moss)

Largest bryophyte
Dawsonia, Fontinalis (brook moss)

Smallest pteridophyte
Azolla

Largest pteridophyte
Treefem (Cyathaea) 20 mt. Aisphila (60 feet)

marine angiosperm
zostera, Thalassa

Walking fern
Adianturn caudatum

Sun fern
Pteris

Aquatic ferns
Azolla, Marsilea, Salvinia

Bhojpatra
Betula utilis — Bark of this plant was used to write manuscript in ancient times.

Saprophytic angiosperms
Wullshcleigellia, Neottia (Bird’s nest orchid), Monotrapa (Indian pipe plant) Carallorhiza etc. absorb humus through fungi

Red Data Book
A book containing information of endangered plant and animals

Green Data Book
A book with list of rare plants growing in protected areas like gardens.

Coptis
A stemless herb

Sulphur shower
Liberation of pollen grain in large amount by pine trees.

Killer weed
Parthenium hysterophorus (called- congress or carrot grass, belongs to family compositae)

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Last modified on Wednesday, 28 June 2017 02:07
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