Prefixes & Sufixes

The following list is by no means complete, but it may help in understanding some difficult terminology. The following abbreviations are used ; Gr., for the Greek ; L., for the Latin.
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Term Definition
pakiio-

(Gr., ancient), palaeontology , study of ancient life.

para-

(Gr., beside), parapodia , appendages beside others.

path-

(gr., disease), pathogenic , capable of causing disease.

ped-

(L., feet), pedal , pertaining to the foot.

peri-

(Gr., around), peristome , region around an opening or mouth.

phaeo-

(Or., dark or brown), Phaeophyta , phylum of brown algae.

phago-

(Or., to eat), phagocyte , cell that eats or destroys.

phor-

(Or., to bear), sporophore , part of a sporophyte that bears spores.

photo-

(Or., light), photosynthesis , formation of carbohydrates in the presence of light.

phyco-

(Or., alga, or seaweed), Phycomycetes , alga like fungus.

physio-

( Or., nature), physiology , study of the nature or function of living matter.

platy-

(Or., nat), Platyhelminthes, phylum of Flatworms.

plio-

(Or., more), Pliocene , more recent geologic period.

poly-

(Or., many), Polymorphous , having many for iris.

post-

(L., after), postnatal , after birth.

pre-

(L. before), prenatal , before birth.

pro-

(Or., before), prostomium , portion ofthe head situated before the mouth of certain worms and molluscs.

proto-

(Or., first of essential), protoplasm , essential material of all plant and animal cells.

prox-

(L., nearest), proximal , nearest.

pseudo-

(Or., false), pseudopodia , false feet.

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