Prefixes & Sufixes

The following list is by no means complete, but it may help in understanding some difficult terminology. The following abbreviations are used ; Gr., for the Greek ; L., for the Latin.
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Term Definition
mal-

(Gr., bad), malnutrition , bad nutrition.

mega-

(Gr., large), megaspore , large spore.

mens-

(L., table), commensalism , eating at a common source of food.

meso-

(Gr., middle), mesoderm , middle cellular layer.

meta-

(Gr., after), metaphase , later phase of mitosis.

micro-

(Gr., small), micronucleus , small nucleus.

miii-

(Gr., thousand), millipede , animal with a “thousand” legs.

mio-

(Gr., less), Miocene , less recent period in geologichistory.

mito-

(Gr., thread), mitosis , cell division with the formation of thread-like structures.

mono-

(Gr., one), monograph, , something written about one subject.

morph-

(Gr., form), morphology , study of form.

multi-

(L., many), multi coloured , of many colours.

muta-

(L., to change), mutation , abrupt hereditary change.

myco-

(Gr., fungus), mycology , study of fungi.

myxo-

(Gr., slime), Myxomycophyta , phylum comprising the slime moulds.

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