Prefixes & Sufixes

The following list is by no means complete, but it may help in understanding some difficult terminology. The following abbreviations are used ; Gr., for the Greek ; L., for the Latin.
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Term Definition
caec-

(L., blind), cecum , ( caecum ), blind pouch.

calci-

(L., lime), calcareous , containing lime.

cata-

(Gr., down), catabolism , breaking-down process of metabolism.

cauda-

(L., tail), caudal , relating to a tail. cay— (L., hollow), vena cava , hollow vein.

ceno-

(Gr., recent), Cenozoic , recent era of geologic history.

centr-

(L., center), centrosome , Léntre of activity during mitosis.

cephalo—

(Gr., head), cephalic , relating to, or toward the head.

chior-

(Gr., green), chlorophyll, green colouring matter of plants.

chondro-

(Gr., cartilage), chondrocranium , part of the cranium developing from cartilage.

chrom-

(Gr., color), chromatophore , colour-bearing cell.

cili

(L., eyelash), cilia , minute, hair-like processes.

circum-

(L., around), circumoesophageal , around the oesophagus.

cloaca

(L., sewer), cloaca , outlet for excretions. cnido- (Gr., nettle), cnidoblast , nettle cell of certain animals.

coel-

(Gr., hollow), coelom ( celom ), hollow body cavity.

coeno-

(Gr., common), coenosarc , common tissue in certain animals.

coleo-

 (Gr., sheathed), Coleoptera , order of sheathedinsects, such as beetles.

con-

(L., cone), conifer , cone-bearing tree ; or (L., with), concretion , something that has grown together.

corn-

(L., together), commensalism , living together.

cotyl-

(Gr., cup shaped), cotyledon , cup-shaped seed leaf.

creta-

(L., chalk), Cretaceous , chalk period of geologic times.

cyan-

(Gr., blue), Cyanophyta ,phylum of blue-green algae.

cyst-

(Gr., sac), cyst, pouch or sac.

cyt-

(Gr., cell), cytology , branch of biology studying cell structure and function.

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