Glossary

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Idiopathic

 A disease or condition that does not have an identifiable cause

Ig

Also known as: Ig; Antibody; Immune serum globulin; Immune globulin; Gamma globulin

1) Special proteins produced by the body in response to foreign substances including bacteria and viruses; there are five structurally distinct classes of immunoglobulins produced by plasma cells in the bone marrow and other lymphoid tissue that bind to and neutralize foreign substances (antigens). The five major kinds of immunoglobulins are A, D, E, G and M.

2) A solution made from human blood plasma that contains concentrated antibodies that protect against specific diseases, such as short-term protection against certain infections and Rh sensitization during pregnancy; it is made from human blood plasma that has been pooled, processed from donated blood, and purified.

Immune serum globulin

Also known as: Ig; Antibody; Immune serum globulin; Immune globulin; Gamma globulin

1) Special proteins produced by the body in response to foreign substances including bacteria and viruses; there are five structurally distinct classes of immunoglobulins produced by plasma cells in the bone marrow and other lymphoid tissue that bind to and neutralize foreign substances (antigens). The five major kinds of immunoglobulins are A, D, E, G and M.

2) A solution made from human blood plasma that contains concentrated antibodies that protect against specific diseases, such as short-term protection against certain infections and Rh sensitization during pregnancy; it is made from human blood plasma that has been pooled, processed from donated blood, and purified.

Immune System

The body's means of protection against microorganisms and other foreign substances; it is composed of two major parts: the humoral response (B lymphocytes and production of antibodies) and the cell-mediated response (T lymphocytes that attack foreign substances directly).

immune-suppressed

Also known as: Immune-compromised; immunosuppressed; immune-suppressed

Reduced ability of one's immune system to mount a normal response to infection

Immunity

1) Resistance to infection because of previous exposure to an infectious agent, naturally or by vaccination
2) State of activation of the immune system to recognize a foreign substance

Immunocompromised

Also known as: Immune-compromised; immunosuppressed; immune-suppressed

Reduced ability of one's immune system to mount a normal response to infection

Immunocompromised

Also known as: Immune-compromised; immunosuppressed; immune-suppressed

Reduced ability of one's immune system to mount a normal response to infection

Immunocompromised

Also known as: Immune-compromised; immunosuppressed; immune-suppressed

Reduced ability of one's immune system to mount a normal response to infection

Immunoglobulin A

Also known as: IgA


One of the five classes of immunoglobulins; one of the most common immunoglobulins, it is mainly present in body secretions and is the chief antibody in the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal and respiratory tract and in saliva and tears.

Immunoglobulin A

Also known as: IgA


One of the five classes of immunoglobulins; one of the most common immunoglobulins, it is mainly present in body secretions and is the chief antibody in the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal and respiratory tract and in saliva and tears.

Immunoglobulin D

Also known as: IgD


One of the five classes of immunoglobulins; it is present in small amounts in serum and is thought to function in certain allergic responses

Immunoglobulin D

Also known as: IgD


One of the five classes of immunoglobulins; it is present in small amounts in serum and is thought to function in certain allergic responses

Immunoglobulin E

Also known as: IgE


One of the five classes of immunoglobulins; it is present primarily in the skin and mucous membranes and is believed to function in response to environmental antigens and to play a role in allergic reactions.

Immunoglobulin E

Also known as: IgE


One of the five classes of immunoglobulins; it is present primarily in the skin and mucous membranes and is believed to function in response to environmental antigens and to play a role in allergic reactions.

Immunoglobulin G

Also known as: IgG


One of the five classes of immunoglobulins; widespread in the body, it provides long-lasting defense against most bacterial invasions and other antigens.

Immunoglobulin G

Also known as: IgG


One of the five classes of immunoglobulins; widespread in the body, it provides long-lasting defense against most bacterial invasions and other antigens.

Immunoglobulin M

Also known as: IgM


One of the five classes of immunoglobulins; a large molecule, it is found in blood and is involved in combating blood infections. It is the first or primary immunoglobulin produced following exposure to an antigen.

Immunoglobulin M

Also known as: IgM


One of the five classes of immunoglobulins; a large molecule, it is found in blood and is involved in combating blood infections. It is the first or primary immunoglobulin produced following exposure to an antigen.

Immunoglobulins

Also known as: Ig; Antibody; Immune serum globulin; Immune globulin; Gamma globulin


1) Special proteins produced by the body in response to foreign substances including bacteria and viruses; there are five structurally distinct classes of immunoglobulins produced by plasma cells in the bone marrow and other lymphoid tissue that bind to and neutralize foreign substances (antigens). The five major kinds of immunoglobulins are A, D, E, G and M.

2) A solution made from human blood plasma that contains concentrated antibodies that protect against specific diseases, such as short-term protection against certain infections and Rh sensitization during pregnancy; it is made from human blood plasma that has been pooled, processed from donated blood, and purified.

Immunoglobulins

Also known as: Ig; Antibody; Immune serum globulin; Immune globulin; Gamma globulin

1) Special proteins produced by the body in response to foreign substances including bacteria and viruses; there are five structurally distinct classes of immunoglobulins produced by plasma cells in the bone marrow and other lymphoid tissue that bind to and neutralize foreign substances (antigens). The five major kinds of immunoglobulins are A, D, E, G and M.

2) A solution made from human blood plasma that contains concentrated antibodies that protect against specific diseases, such as short-term protection against certain infections and Rh sensitization during pregnancy; it is made from human blood plasma that has been pooled, processed from donated blood, and purified.

Immunoglobulins

Also known as: Ig; Antibody; Immune serum globulin; Immune globulin; Gamma globulin

1) Special proteins produced by the body in response to foreign substances including bacteria and viruses; there are five structurally distinct classes of immunoglobulins produced by plasma cells in the bone marrow and other lymphoid tissue that bind to and neutralize foreign substances (antigens). The five major kinds of immunoglobulins are A, D, E, G and M.

2) A solution made from human blood plasma that contains concentrated antibodies that protect against specific diseases, such as short-term protection against certain infections and Rh sensitization during pregnancy; it is made from human blood plasma that has been pooled, processed from donated blood, and purified.

Immunoglobulins

Also known as: Ig; Antibody; Immune serum globulin; Immune globulin; Gamma globulin

1) Special proteins produced by the body in response to foreign substances including bacteria and viruses; there are five structurally distinct classes of immunoglobulins produced by plasma cells in the bone marrow and other lymphoid tissue that bind to and neutralize foreign substances (antigens). The five major kinds of immunoglobulins are A, D, E, G and M.

2) A solution made from human blood plasma that contains concentrated antibodies that protect against specific diseases, such as short-term protection against certain infections and Rh sensitization during pregnancy; it is made from human blood plasma that has been pooled, processed from donated blood, and purified.

Immunosuppressive

Pertaining to a substance that decreases the body's normal immune response

Impetigo

Shallow, fluid-filled blisters surrounded by yellow crusts

in situ

 1. confined to the original site

2. in the original position

In utero

Within the uterus

In vitro

Outside the body; in the clinical lab, in an artificial environment such as a test tube or petri dish

In vivo

Within the body; within a living environment

Incidence

Rate at which new cases of a disease occur within a population

Incubation period

Time between exposure to an infectious agent, such as a virus, and the onset of symptoms of disease

Infarction

Tissue death caused by the blockage of blood flow by a blood clot or other material

Infection

Disease caused by microorganisms

Inflammation

The response of body tissues to injury such as trauma or infection. Inflammation is a complex process that can be localized or systemic. When localized, it causes pain, heat, swelling and redness of the affected area; when systemic, it may present as a general feeling of malaise with fatigue and fever.

Inhibitor

1) A substance that stops, blocks, or slows down the action of an enzyme
2) A substance that stops or impedes a process from taking place in the body

Insulinoma

A tumor of the insulin-producing islet cells in the pancreas, causing low blood glucose levels

Intramuscular

Within a muscle, as an injection

Intravenous

Into or within a vein

Iron Deficiency Anemia
Anemia occurs when you have a level of red blood cells (RBCs) in your blood that is lower than normal. Iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of anemia and it occurs when your body doesn't have enough of the mineral iron. Your body needs iron to make a protein called hemoglobin.
Iron-Deficiency Anemia
Anemia occurs when you have a level of red blood cells (RBCs) in your blood that is lower than normal. Iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of anemia and it occurs when your body doesn't have enough of the mineral iron. Your body needs iron to make a protein called hemoglobin.
Ischemia

Decreased supply of blood and therefore oxygen to tissue, organ (heart, brain) or body part often caused by a blockage or constriction of blood vessels

Islet cells

Specialized cells in the pancreas that produce and secrete one of several hormones that affect certain body functions; some examples include alpha cells that produce glucagon and beta cells that produce insulin.

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