DISCOVERERS AND INVENTORS IN BIOLOGY

Published in Informative
Monday, 26 June 2017 23:39

Amino acid sequence of protein (insulin)
Sanger

Anaerobic release of energy
L-Pasteur (1878)

Bacteria
Leeuwenhoek

Pure culture of Bacteria
Lister J.

Bacteriophage
Towrt and De Herelle (1915)

Blood Capillaries
Marcello Malpighi

Blood Groups
Karl Landsteiner

Blood Circulation
William Harvey

Bioluminescence
E.R. Dubois

Biocatalysts
Buchner

Cyanophage
Saffermann and Morris

First description of cell (RBC)
Jan Swammerdam (1658)

Cell
Robert Hooke (1665)

Living cell
A.V. Leeuwenhoek

Cell Theory
Schleiden and Schwann

Centrosome
Van Benden

Centriole
Van Benden

Chromosomes
Hofmeister

Golgi bodies
Cammileo Golgi

Plastids
Haeckel (1866)

Chioroplast
Schimper

Mitochondria
Kolliker (1880)

Microtubules
Robertis and Francis

Microfilaments
Paleviz et. al (1975)

Nucleus
Robert Brown

Nucleolus
Fontana

Nucleoplasm
Strasburger

Ribosomes (Animal cell)
Palade

Sphaerosome
Pernes (1953)

Astral rays and spindle
Beevers

Endoplasmic reticulum
Porter

Central Dogma
F.H.C. Crick (1918)

Coenzyme A
C. Lipmann

Chlorophyll structure
Willstartter and Fisher

Cyclosis
Amid

Cytochrome
C.A. Macmunn (1886)

Citric Acid cycle
Hans A. Krebs

Double Helical Structure of DNA
Watson and Crick

Biological Synthesis of DNA with template
A. Kornberg.

biological synthesis of DNA without template
H.G. Khorona

Enzyme
Buchner

Embryo culture
Laiback

Extra embryonic membranes
Von Baer

Fertilization in plants
E. Strasburger

Double fertilization
Nawaschin

Go phase
Lajtha

Gaseous exchange in blood
Ludwig (1872)

Genetic defects in human
Sir Archibald Garrod

Giant Salivary gland chromosomes
Balbiani (1881)

Hormones
Beylis and Starling

Heterothallism
Blackslee

Interferon
Issacs and Linderman

Insulin use for treatment of diabetics
Banting

Mendelism
G. Mendel

Rediscoverer of Mendelism
Correns, Hugo de Vries and Tschmark

Microtome
W. His

Micro-organisms
Leeuwenhoek

Mitosis
W. Flemming

Meiosis
Farmer and Moore

Mutations
Hugo de Vries

Nucleic acid
Meishcher called it ‘Nuclein’

Ovum (Mammalian)
Karl E. Von Baer

Omnis cellula e cellula
R. Virchow

Pinocytosis
Edward and Lewis

Phagocytosis
Metchnikoff

Penicillin
Alexander Flemming

Plasmodesmata
Strasburger

Photorespiration
Garner and Allard

Quantosome
Park and Bigginis (1960)

Quiescent centre
Clowes

Protoplasm Physical basis of life
Huxley

Streptomycin
Salmon Waksman

Techniques Chromatograph
M. Tswett

Tissue culture
A. Carrel

Isotopic tracing
G. Havesy

Measuring gaseous exchange manometry
O. Warburg

Locating DNA in cell
A. Feulgen

Ultracentrifugation
T. Svedberg

Avena curvature test
Went

Teminism (Reverse Transcription)
Temin

Synthesis of urea
Wohler

Virus
D. Iwanovsky

Obtained crystals of virus
Stanley

Useful Sites

  • NCBI

    National Center for Biotechnology Information
  • LTO

    Lab Tests Online® by AACC
  • ASCP

    American Society for Clinical Pathology
  • ASM

    American Society for Microbiology
  • The Medical Library®

    Project of BioScience.pk
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