Published in Zoology
Saturday, 01 July 2017 19:50
The body wall of birds has three regions, Skin, Muscles and Perito­neum.
  1. The skin is dry. It shows upper stratum corneum, which has flat cornified cells. The feathers cover the body. Dermis shows musculo-fibrous tissue. The muscles help to raise and lower the feathers. It is supplied with blood vessels and nerve fibres.
  2. Glands are absent in the skin of a bird except preen gland which is located on the upper surface of the tail. Its secretions keep the feathers water proof.
  3. Muscles: Below the skin Muscles are present. In birds skeletal muscles are well developed. The flight muscles are well developed which help to raise and lower the wing.
  4. Peritoneum: A thin epithelium called peritoneum will cover the inner surface of the muscles.
  5. In birds skin sweat glands are absent and hence bird cools itself in hot environment by panting.

Useful Sites

  • NCBI

    National Center for Biotechnology Information
  • LTO

    Lab Tests Online® by AACC
  • ASCP

    American Society for Clinical Pathology
  • ASM

    American Society for Microbiology
  • The Medical Library®

    Project of

Connect With Us

Contact Us

All comments and suggestions about this web site are very welcome and a valuable source of information for us. Thanks!

Tel: +(92) 302 970 8985-6

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


This website is certified by Health On the Net Foundation. Click to verify. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information:
verify here.

Our Sponsors

InsightGadgets.comPathLabStudyTheMedicalLibrary.orgThe Physio

By using you agree to our use of cookies to enhance your experience on this website.